Aplikasi Agen Hayati (Paenibacillus polymixa) terhadap Penekanan Penyakit Hawar Daun Bekteri Serta Hasil dan Pertumbuhan Padi Hitam (Oryza sativa)Var. Lokal

Endang Kantikowati, Ridwan Haris, Saiful Anwar

Abstract


The Experiment  was aimed to assess influence of concentration and application of biological agent Paenibacillus polymixa to bacterial leaf blight disease and  black rice yields  (Oryza sativa L.) local varieties The research was conducted in P4S Al Mukhlis   Kiangroke Village, Bandung District, West Java. In December 2016 until April 2017. The experiment used a split-plot design with two factor : 3 application period (W) as the main plot and 4 concentration level (K) as the subplot, thus obtained 12 treatment combinations and each combination was repeated 3 times. Then obtained 36 plot of experiment. Factor I main plot (W) : W1 = morning application (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 days after planting), W2 = daytime (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 days after planting), W3 = afternoon application (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 days after planting) and factor II (K) : K1 = Control, K2 = 5 ml L-1, K3 = 10 ml L-1, K4 = 15 ml L-1. The result showed that the effect of concentration  and time of application of biological agent of Paenibacillus polymixa gave no significant effect on plant height, disease intensity, number of productive tillers, number of the dry grain harvest, number of unhulled grain per panicle, and weight of 1000 filled grains. There was an interaction between concentration and time of application of biological agent of Paenibacillus polymixa to bacterial leaf blight disease intensity at age of 95 DAP, treatment of K3 (10ml L-1) with W1 (morning application)   gave more resistance effect to bacterial leaf blight intensity. 


Keywords


black rice, biological agents, concentration and time of application

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agrios,G,N,2005. Plant Pathology. Fifth Edition. Elsevier Academic Press

Aprilia N. Rares1 , Emmy Senewe2 , Guntur S.J Manengkey2 , Max M. Ratulangi, EFEKTIVITAS MIKROORGANISME ANTAGONIS TERHADAP PENYAKIT KARAT PUTIH PADA TANAMAN KRISAN (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat) DI KOTA TOMOHON. http//portalgaruda.org/article.php?article=332042&val=1027&title. diakses tanggal 4-10-2018.

Djakamiharja,S.1994.Penanaman Varietas Padi untuk Musim Hujan dan Musim Kemarau Disertifikasi atau Wilayah Pengembangan Pertanian di Jawa barat .Jurnal Penelitian Lemlit Unsil No 27 tahun 1997

Handayanto,E,Hairiah.K Biologi Tanah. Landasan Pengelolaan Tanah Sehat .Penerbit Pustaka Adipura ISBN 978-17163-0-7

Kadir, T., S. I. Hanarida. Utami,W. Koerniati, S. Ambarwati, A.D. Apriana, A. Sisharmini 2009. Evaluasi ketahanan populasi haploid ganda silangan IR64 dan Oryza rufipogon terhadap hawar daun bakteri pada stadia bibit. Bul. Plasma Nutfah 15:13-19

Komariah,Ai,EvaL.M.2016.Pertumbuhaan,Hasil dan Toleransi Genotip Padi Terhadap Penyakit Hawar Daun (Bacterial Leaf Blight) Pada Aplikasi Dosis Paenibacillus Polymixa Berbeda.Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian PASPALUM.Vol 4 Nomor 1 Maret 2016 ISSN 2088-5113

Lal, S and Tabacchioni, S. 2009. “Ecology and Biotechnological Potential of Paenibacillus polymyxa”. Indian Journal of Microbiology, 49 (1) : 2- 10. http://link.springer.com/article/10.10

Pengendalian Penyakit Kresek dan Hawar Daun Bakteri Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi. Balitbang- Kementrian Pertanian, 2015 http://www.bbpadi. litbang.pertanian.go.id/2015

Priyadi, R., Hodiyah, I., Suhardjadinata, Nuryati, R., & Mamoen, I. 2010. Pengaruh Jumlah Rumpun terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Beberapa Varietas pada Budidaya Padi dalam pot. Volume 2. No. 1. Tasikmalaya : Universitas Siliwangi

Raza, W. Yang, W. Shen, Q-R. 2008. “Paenibacillus polymyxa: Antibiotics, Hidrolytyc Enzimes and Hazard Assessment”. Journal of Plant Pathology, 90 (3) : 419-430. http://sipav.org/ main/jpp/index.php/j pp/article/viewFile/683/470.

Retnowati,Lilik,Cahyadi Irwan,Baskoro SW dan Harsono.L.2007.Perbanyakan dan Cara Aplikasi Corynebacterium BBOPT Jatisari Hlm 1-2

Sa’adah,Imas,R,Supriyanta,dan Subejo.2013.Keragaman Warna Gabah dan Warna beras Varietas Lokal Padi Beras Hitam (Oryza sativa .L)yang dibudidayakn oleh Petani Kabupaten Sleman,Bantul dan Magelang.Jogjakarta. Vegetalika Vol 2 No3 ,2013:13-20 ISSN 2302-4054 (printed) ISSN 2622-7452 (Online)

Syamsiah,M.Efektifitas Aplikasi Paenibacillus polymixa dalam Pengendalian Penyakit Hawar Daun Bakteri Pada Tanama Padi Varietas Mekongga.Journal Of Agroscience Vol 5 No1 Januari-Juni 2015 ISSN 1979-4681

Semangun, H. 2004. Penyakit-Penyakit Tanaman Pangan di Indonesia. Gajah Mada University. Yogyakarta

Siregar, H. 1981. Budidaya Tanaman Padi di Indonesia . Sastra Hudaya, Bogor.318 hal.

Siregar, A. N., Ilyas S., Fardiaz D., Murniati E., Wiyono S. 2007. Penggunaan Agens Biokontrol Baccillus polymixa dan Trichoderma harzianum untuk Peningkatan Mutu Benih Cabai dan Pengendalian Penyakit Antraknosa. Jurnal Penyuluhan Pertanian 2 (2). 105-114.

Sunardi, D. dan I. Ridwan, 2009. Beras Hitam, Pangan Berkhasiat yang Belum Popular. Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian 31(2):9-10

.Vessey,J.K 2003.Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria as Biofertilizer.Plant Soil 255:571-586

Widiarti, A dan Sugeng, B. 2014. Artikel Paenibacillus polymixa. ojs.jurnal.faster. unsur.ac.id

Wijaya,K.A (2008) .Nutrisi Tanaman.Prestasi Pustaka ISBN 9786028117159

Zamzani.A,Satriyas.I,M.Machmud,2014,Perlakuan Agens Hayati untuk Mengendalikan Hawar daun Bakteri dan Meningkatkan Produksi Benih Padi Sehat. J.Agron.Indonesia 42(1):1-8 (2014).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35138/paspalum.v6i2.97

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Alamat Pengelola Paspalum : Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian

Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Winaya Mukti

Jl Raya Bandung-Sumedang Km 29 Kode Pos 45362